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Mit dem Indian Removal Act wurde die gesetzliche Grundlage zur Zwangsumsiedlung der östlich des Mississippi lebenden Indianer geschaffen. Demzufolge hätte Lyndon B. Auf dem Pfad der Tränen starben bei einer Zwangsumsiedlung ca. Dabei geriet er in einen innerparteilichen Konflikt zwischen verschiedensten Interessensgemeinschaften. Per Menü wird eine Karte der Stadt aufgerufen, auf der sämtliche Missionen gelistet sind - per Knopfdruck werden die ausgewählt und sind dann per Navi einfach zu erreichen. Die Präsidentschaft von John Adams war innenpolitisch von Intrigen und politischen Zänkereien geprägt, die in der Herausbildung des Zweiparteiensystems begründet sind.

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Der ursprünglich parteilose Eisenhower, der wichtigste US-Kommandeur im Zweiten Weltkrieg, wurde nach Trumans Verzicht auf eine erneute Kandidatur aufgrund seiner enormen Popularität in der Bevölkerung von beiden Parteien als Kandidat umworben. Aufgrund immenser Verluste am Immobilienmarkt kam es an den Börsen weltweit zu Verwerfungen, infolge derer eine Reihe von Finanzinstituten u. Das Ergebnis war ein internationales Klimaschutzabkommen , welches von fast allen Staaten der Erde bei der UN-Klimakonferenz in Paris unterzeichnet wurde. Ford versuchte erfolglos der Rezession und Inflation Herr zu werden. In der angestrebten Wiederwahl im November scheiterte er relativ knapp an seinem demokratischen Herausforderer Jimmy Carter. Die liberianische Hauptstadt Monrovia ist nach James Monroe benannt. Test Saints Row 4: Für die Präsidentschaftswahl wurde er von seiner Partei nicht als Kandidat aufgestellt. Die Lehre daraus ist ernüchternd. Er unterstützte deshalb die Nominierung des späteren Präsidenten James K. Inoffiziell wurden die Alliierten frühzeitig militärisch unterstützt Leih- und Pachtgesetz. Arthur leitete Reformen im Öffentlichen Dienst ein, um die ausufernde Korruption einzudämmen. Präsidentschaftsübergang der Vereinigten Staaten. Dabei könnten auch neue Einzelheiten über seine Russland-Verbindungen offengelegt werden. Wegen der schlechten Qualität des Granits und zu wenig Platz für die Skulpturen wurde dieser Vorschlag abgelehnt. Erste Unternehmen streichen Stellen. Mit Thomas Jeffersons Porträt wurde rechts daneben begonnen. Inoffiziell wurden die Alliierten frühzeitig militärisch unterstützt Leih- und Pachtgesetz. In csgo anforderungen ersten Amtszeit wurde die Freiheitsstatue eingeweiht. Stimmt er mit der Linie des Kongresses überhaupt nicht überein, so kann er gegen ein Gesetz ein Sofort english einlegen, das vom Kongress nur mit Zweidrittelmehrheit in beiden Kammern zurückgewiesen werden kann. Der letzte Präsident, der durch das Repräsentantenhaus gewählt wurde, war John Usa wahlen wahlmänner Adams im Jahrnachdem die damalige Wahl keine eindeutige Haotmail der England gegen russland erbracht hatte. Diese Aufgabe kommt dem Präsidenten des Senats, also dem noch amtierenden Vizepräsidenten, zu. Allerdings hat ein solcher faithless elector untreuer Wahlmann noch nie dazu geführt, dass der andere Kandidat gewählt wurde. Hintergrund der Vorschrift war ursprünglich das Bestreben, Briten vom Präsidentenamt fernzuhalten. Vielmehr wird diese Entscheidung einem Freie trainer fußball überlassen. Das geschieht meist in der jährlichen State of the Union Address. Sie beginnt am Aus dem Wechsel ins Innenministerium wird nun doch nichts. Dieses Privileg steht auch allen früheren Präsidenten und Beste Spielothek in Windisch Grutschen finden Familien bis zum Tod des Präsidenten zu. Archived from the original PDF on December 13, House elections Senate elections Gubernatorial elections. Eisenhower — John F. Boy Scouts of America. Bush advocated policies on health care, the economy, social security reform, and education. Adams was extensively educated with Enlightenment ideas and republicanism. King March 4 — April 18, Died in office. Balogh, Brian and Bruce J. Andrew Jackson March 4, —March 4, JonesU. Truman January 20 — April 12, Succeeded to presidency. Doctor love in the United States. Jackson was an army general and politician before becoming a U. Ronald Reagan to George H. As president in charge of the Reconstruction, Johnson drafted conciliatory policies towards the South in a hurry to Microgaming Sloturi Online former states of the Confederacy.

John Tyler — Lived: Whig April 4, — September 13, Unaffiliated September 13, — March 4, [l]. March 4, — July 9, Died in office. Zachary Taylor — Lived: Millard Fillmore Succeeded to presidency.

July 9, [m] — March 4, Millard Fillmore — Lived: Franklin Pierce — Lived: King March 4 — April 18, Died in office. Office vacant Balance of King's term.

James Buchanan — Lived: March 4, — April 15, Died in office. Abraham Lincoln — Lived: Representative for Illinois's 7th District — Republican National Union [n].

Hannibal Hamlin March 4, — March 4, Andrew Johnson March 4 — April 15, Succeeded to presidency. April 15, — March 4, Andrew Johnson — Lived: National Union April 15, — c.

Commanding General of the U. Army — No prior elected office. Schuyler Colfax March 4, — March 4, Henry Wilson March 4, — November 22, Died in office.

Office vacant Balance of Wilson's term. March 4, — September 19, Died in office. Representative for Ohio's 19th District — Arthur Succeeded to presidency.

September 19, [p] — March 4, Grover Cleveland — Lived: Hendricks March 4 — November 25, Died in office. Office vacant Balance of Hendricks's term.

Benjamin Harrison — Lived: Senator Class 1 from Indiana — March 4, — September 14, Died in office. William McKinley — Lived: Garret Hobart March 4, — November 21, Died in office.

Office vacant Balance of Hobart's term. Theodore Roosevelt March 4 — September 14, Succeeded to presidency. September 14, — March 4, Theodore Roosevelt — Lived: Office vacant September 14, — March 4, Fairbanks March 4, — March 4, William Howard Taft — Lived: Sherman March 4, — October 30, Died in office.

Office vacant Balance of Sherman's term. Woodrow Wilson — Lived: March 4, — August 2, Died in office. Senator Class 3 from Ohio — Calvin Coolidge Succeeded to presidency.

August 2, [q] — March 4, Calvin Coolidge — Lived: Office vacant August 2, — March 4, Dawes March 4, — March 4, Herbert Hoover — Lived: March 4, — April 12, Died in office.

Garner March 4, — January 20, [r]. Wallace January 20, — January 20, Truman January 20 — April 12, Succeeded to presidency.

April 12, — January 20, Office vacant April 12, — January 20, Barkley January 20, — January 20, January 20, — January 20, Supreme Allied Commander Europe — No prior elected office.

January 20, — November 22, Died in office. Senator Class 1 from Massachusetts — Johnson Succeeded to presidency. November 22, — January 20, During the Civil War he supported the Confederacy, further damaging his reputation.

James Buchanan March 4, —March 4, Buchanan was a popular state politician and attorney before his presidency. Throughout most of the presidential term before him, he was stationed in London while serving as Minister to the United Kingdom.

Because of this, he was not up-to-date on the crisis caused by the question of slavery. He spent a lot of his energy to maintain peace between the North and the South, but ultimately the Southern states declared secession.

Abraham Lincoln March 4, —April 15, In his campaign for president, Lincoln opposed the expansion of slavery. His victory led to the secessions of southern slave state, leading to the American Civil War.

Lincoln closely led the war effort, selecting highly skilled generals such as Ulysses S. Lincoln was known to be a very charismatic leader with great oratory skills.

Scholars recognize him as one of the greatest U. Andrew Johnson April 15, —March 4, Andrew Johnson became president when President Lincoln was assassinated.

As president in charge of the Reconstruction, Johnson drafted conciliatory policies towards the South in a hurry to reincorporate former states of the Confederacy.

His actions made him unpopular with Radical Republicans. The Radicals of the House of Representatives impeached him in but the Senate acquitted him by one vote.

He was the first president to go through an impeachment trial. Grant March 4, —March 4, The eighteenth president of the U.

The Union Army was able to defeat the Confederate effort when Grant was appointed lieutenant general. As President, Grant supported civil rights for freed slaves and contributed to the revival of the Republican party in the South.

He also fought KKK violence. However, despite all this, his administration tolerated corruption and bribery. He was very unpopular when he left office.

Hayes March 4, —March 4, Hayes was voted in during the close of the Reconstruction and when the Second Industrial Revolution occurred in the U.

He believed in a meritocratic government and racial equality. Garfield March 4, —September 19, Before becoming president Garfield served as a Representative for nine terms.

Garfield advocated agricultural technology, civil rights for African Americans, a bi-metal monetary system, and an educated electorate.

Garfield was assassinated after days of being in office. Arthur September 19, —March 4, Arthur became president after the assassination of President James A.

Arthur grew up in New York and later practice law there. During the Civil War he was appointed to the quartermaster department while becoming brigadier general.

Despite being poor health, he was able to perform solidly while in office. He left office respected by political allies and foes alike.

Grover Cleveland March 4, —March 4, Cleveland was the only Democratic candidate to win presidency during the era of Republican domination from to He was also the only president to serve two terms non-consecutively.

He was a leader among Bourbon Democrats who were opposed to inflation, subsidies, imperialism, Free Silver, and high tariffs.

Benjamin Harrison March 4, —March 4, Benjamin Harrison was a grandson of former president William Henry Harrison, making him the only president to be the grandson of another president.

His legislation was responsible for the McKinley Tariff and the Sherman Antitrust Act as well as for federal spending to reached one billion dollars annually for the first time.

See a couple ranks above. Cleveland was the only president to be ranked twice, due to his non-consecutive service as president.

William McKinley March 4, —September 14, In his elections McKinley fought fiercely for upholding the gold standard and high tariffs.

His leadership brought victory for the U. He is also highly regarded for forging a Republican coalition that dominated U.

Theodore Roosevelt September 14, —March 4, As a soldier, explorer, hunter, naturalist, and author, Theodore Roosevelt was known for his cowboy image and robust masculinity.

Before presidency he served offices at the federal, state, and municipal levels of government. Roosevelt became president when President William McKinley was assassinated.

During his administration he tried to mobilize the Republican Party towards ideas of Progressivism. He won his first Presidential election after, which was technically his second term as President of the U.

William Howard Taft March 4, —March 4, William Howard Taft was the only U. President in history who also became a Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.

He was born into the wealthy Taft family. The states agreed to a resolution that settled competing western land claims.

The Articles took effect on March 1, , when Maryland became the final state to ratify them. In , the Treaty of Paris secured independence for each of the former colonies.

With peace at hand, the states each turned toward their own internal affairs. They witnessed their hard currency pouring into foreign markets to pay for imports, their Mediterranean commerce preyed upon by North African pirates , and their foreign-financed Revolutionary War debts unpaid and accruing interest.

Following the successful resolution of commercial and fishing disputes between Virginia and Maryland at the Mount Vernon Conference in , Virginia called for a trade conference between all the states, set for September in Annapolis, Maryland , with an aim toward resolving further-reaching interstate commercial antagonisms.

When the convention failed for lack of attendance due to suspicions among most of the other states, Alexander Hamilton led the Annapolis delegates in a call for a convention to offer revisions to the Articles, to be held the next spring in Philadelphia.

Prospects for the next convention appeared bleak until James Madison and Edmund Randolph succeeded in securing George Washington 's attendance to Philadelphia as a delegate for Virginia.

When the Constitutional Convention convened in May , the 12 state delegations in attendance Rhode Island did not send delegates brought with them an accumulated experience over a diverse set of institutional arrangements between legislative and executive branches from within their respective state governments.

Most states maintained a weak executive without veto or appointment powers, elected annually by the legislature to a single term only, sharing power with an executive council, and countered by a strong legislature.

The Presentment Clause requires that any bill passed by Congress must be presented to the president before it can become law.

Once the legislation has been presented, the president has three options:. The legislation empowered the president to sign any spending bill into law while simultaneously striking certain spending items within the bill, particularly any new spending, any amount of discretionary spending, or any new limited tax benefit.

Congress could then repass that particular item. If the president then vetoed the new legislation, Congress could override the veto by its ordinary means, a two-thirds vote in both houses.

City of New York , U. Supreme Court ruled such a legislative alteration of the veto power to be unconstitutional. One of the most important of all executive powers is the president's role as Commander-in-Chief of the United States Armed Forces.

The power to declare war is constitutionally vested in Congress, but the president has ultimate responsibility for the direction and disposition of the military.

The exact degree of authority that the Constitution grants to the President as Commander in Chief has been the subject of much debate throughout history, with Congress at various times granting the President wide authority and at others attempting to restrict that authority.

The amount of military detail handled personally by the President in wartime has varied dramatically. In , Washington used his constitutional powers to assemble 12, militia to quell the Whiskey Rebellion —a conflict in western Pennsylvania involving armed farmers and distillers who refused to pay excise tax on spirits.

According to historian Joseph Ellis , this was the "first and only time a sitting American president led troops in the field", though James Madison briefly took control of artillery units in defense of Washington D.

The present-day operational command of the Armed Forces is delegated to the Department of Defense and is normally exercised through the Secretary of Defense.

The President is to be commander-in-chief of the army and navy of the United States. It would amount to nothing more than the supreme command and direction of the military and naval forces Pursuant to the War Powers Resolution , Congress must authorize any troop deployments longer than 60 days, although that process relies on triggering mechanisms that have never been employed, rendering it ineffectual.

Presidents have historically initiated the process for going to war, [31] [32] but critics have charged that there have been several conflicts in which presidents did not get official declarations, including Theodore Roosevelt 's military move into Panama in , [31] the Korean War , [31] the Vietnam War , [31] and the invasions of Grenada in [33] and Panama in The constitution also empowers the President to propose and chiefly negotiate agreements between the United States and other countries.

Such agreements become, upon receiving the advice and consent of the U. Senate by a two-thirds majority vote , become binding with the force of federal law.

General Services Administration , U. The president is the head of the executive branch of the federal government and is constitutionally obligated to "take care that the laws be faithfully executed".

Presidents make numerous executive branch appointments: Ambassadors , members of the Cabinet , and other federal officers, are all appointed by a president with the " advice and consent " of a majority of the Senate.

When the Senate is in recess for at least ten days, the president may make recess appointments. The power of a president to fire executive officials has long been a contentious political issue.

Generally, a president may remove executive officials purely at will. To manage the growing federal bureaucracy, presidents have gradually surrounded themselves with many layers of staff, who were eventually organized into the Executive Office of the President of the United States.

Within the Executive Office, the president's innermost layer of aides and their assistants are located in the White House Office.

Additionally, the president possesses the power to manage operations of the federal government through issuing various types of directives, such as presidential proclamation and executive orders.

When the president is lawfully exercising one of the constitutionally conferred presidential responsibilities, the scope of this power is broad. Moreover, Congress can overturn an executive order though legislation e.

The president also has the power to nominate federal judges , including members of the United States courts of appeals and the Supreme Court of the United States.

However, these nominations require Senate confirmation. Securing Senate approval can provide a major obstacle for presidents who wish to orient the federal judiciary toward a particular ideological stance.

When nominating judges to U. Presidents may also grant pardons and reprieves. Gerald Ford pardoned Richard Nixon a month after taking office.

Bill Clinton pardoned Patty Hearst on his last day in office, as is often done just before the end of a second presidential term, but not without controversy.

Historically, two doctrines concerning executive power have developed that enable the president to exercise executive power with a degree of autonomy.

The first is executive privilege , which allows the president to withhold from disclosure any communications made directly to the president in the performance of executive duties.

George Washington first claimed the privilege when Congress requested to see Chief Justice John Jay 's notes from an unpopular treaty negotiation with Great Britain.

While not enshrined in the Constitution, or any other law, Washington's action created the precedent for the privilege.

When Nixon tried to use executive privilege as a reason for not turning over subpoenaed evidence to Congress during the Watergate scandal , the Supreme Court ruled in United States v.

Nixon , U. When President Clinton attempted to use executive privilege regarding the Lewinsky scandal , the Supreme Court ruled in Clinton v.

Jones , U. These cases established the legal precedent that executive privilege is valid, although the exact extent of the privilege has yet to be clearly defined.

Additionally, federal courts have allowed this privilege to radiate outward and protect other executive branch employees, but have weakened that protection for those executive branch communications that do not involve the president.

The state secrets privilege allows the president and the executive branch to withhold information or documents from discovery in legal proceedings if such release would harm national security.

Precedent for the privilege arose early in the 19th century when Thomas Jefferson refused to release military documents in the treason trial of Aaron Burr and again in Totten v.

United States 92 U. Supreme Court until United States v. The Constitution's Ineligibility Clause prevents the president and all other executive officers from simultaneously being a member of Congress.

Therefore, the president cannot directly introduce legislative proposals for consideration in Congress. However, the president can take an indirect role in shaping legislation, especially if the president's political party has a majority in one or both houses of Congress.

For example, the president or other officials of the executive branch may draft legislation and then ask senators or representatives to introduce these drafts into Congress.

The president can further influence the legislative branch through constitutionally or statutorily mandated, periodic reports to Congress.

These reports may be either written or oral, but today the greatest in importance are given as the oral State of the Union addresses, which often outline the president's legislative proposals for the coming year.

Additionally, the president may attempt to have Congress alter proposed legislation by threatening to veto that legislation unless requested changes are made.

In the 20th century, critics charged that too many legislative and budgetary powers that should have belonged to Congress had slid into the hands of presidents.

As the head of the executive branch, presidents control a vast array of agencies that can issue regulations with little oversight from Congress.

One critic charged that presidents could appoint a "virtual army of 'czars' — each wholly unaccountable to Congress yet tasked with spearheading major policy efforts for the White House".

If both houses cannot agree on a date of adjournment, the president may appoint a date for Congress to adjourn. For example, Franklin Delano Roosevelt convened a special session of Congress immediately after the December 7, , Japanese sneak attack on Pearl Harbor and asked for a declaration of war.

As head of state, the president can fulfill traditions established by previous presidents. William Howard Taft started the tradition of throwing out the ceremonial first pitch in at Griffith Stadium , Washington, D.

Every president since Taft, except for Jimmy Carter , threw out at least one ceremonial first ball or pitch for Opening Day, the All-Star Game , or the World Series , usually with much fanfare.

The President of the United States has served as the honorary president of the Boy Scouts of America since the founding of the organization. Other presidential traditions are associated with American holidays.

Hayes began in the first White House egg rolling for local children. Truman administration, every Thanksgiving the president is presented with a live domestic turkey during the annual National Thanksgiving Turkey Presentation held at the White House.

Since , when the custom of "pardoning" the turkey was formalized by George H. Bush , the turkey has been taken to a farm where it will live out the rest of its natural life.

Presidential traditions also involve the president's role as head of government. Many outgoing presidents since James Buchanan traditionally give advice to their successor during the presidential transition.

During a state visit by a foreign head of state, the president typically hosts a State Arrival Ceremony held on the South Lawn , a custom begun by John F.

The modern presidency holds the president as one of the nation's premier celebrities. Some argue that images of the presidency have a tendency to be manipulated by administration public relations officials as well as by presidents themselves.

One critic described the presidency as "propagandized leadership" which has a "mesmerizing power surrounding the office". Kennedy was described as carefully framed "in rich detail" which "drew on the power of myth" regarding the incident of PT [66] and wrote that Kennedy understood how to use images to further his presidential ambitions.

The nation's Founding Fathers expected the Congress —which was the first branch of government described in the Constitution —to be the dominant branch of government; they did not expect a strong executive department.

Nelson believes presidents over the past thirty years have worked towards "undivided presidential control of the executive branch and its agencies".

Article II, Section 1, Clause 5 of the Constitution sets three qualifications for holding the presidency. To serve as president, one must:.

A person who meets the above qualifications would, however, still be disqualified from holding the office of president under any of the following conditions:.

The modern presidential campaign begins before the primary elections , which the two major political parties use to clear the field of candidates before their national nominating conventions , where the most successful candidate is made the party's nominee for president.

Typically, the party's presidential candidate chooses a vice presidential nominee, and this choice is rubber-stamped by the convention.

The most common previous profession of U. Nominees participate in nationally televised debates , and while the debates are usually restricted to the Democratic and Republican nominees, third party candidates may be invited, such as Ross Perot in the debates.

Nominees campaign across the country to explain their views, convince voters and solicit contributions. Much of the modern electoral process is concerned with winning swing states through frequent visits and mass media advertising drives.

The president is elected indirectly by the voters of each state and the District of Columbia through the Electoral College, a body of electors formed every four years for the sole purpose of electing the president and vice president to concurrent four-year terms.

As prescribed by the Twelfth Amendment, each state is entitled to a number of electors equal to the size of its total delegation in both houses of Congress.

Additionally, the Twenty-third Amendment provides that the District of Columbia is entitled to the number it would have if it were a state, but in no case more than that of the least populous state.

On the first Monday after the second Wednesday in December, about six weeks after the election, the electors convene in their respective state capitals and in Washington D.

They typically vote for the candidates of the party that nominated them. While there is no constitutional mandate or federal law requiring them to do so, the District of Columbia and 30 states have laws requiring that their electors vote for the candidates to whom they are pledged.

The votes of the electors are opened and counted during a joint session of Congress, held in the first week of January. If a candidate has received an absolute majority of electoral votes for president currently of , that person is declared the winner.

Otherwise, the House of Representatives must meet to elect a president using a contingent election procedure in which representatives, voting by state delegation, with each state casting a single vote, choose between the top electoral vote-getters for president.

For a candidate to win, he or she must receive the votes of an absolute majority of states currently 26 of There have been two contingent presidential elections in the nation's history.

A 73—73 electoral vote tie between Thomas Jefferson and fellow Democratic-Republican Aaron Burr in the election of necessitated the first. Conducted under the original procedure established by Article II, Section 1, Clause 3 of the Constitution, which stipulates that if two or three persons received a majority vote and an equal vote, the House of Representatives would choose one of them for president; the runner up would become Vice President.

Afterward, the system was overhauled through the Twelfth Amendment in time to be used in the election. Under the Twelfth Amendment, the House was required to choose a president from among the top three electoral vote recipients: Held February 9, , this second and most recent contingent election resulted in John Quincy Adams being elected president on the first ballot.

Pursuant to the Twentieth Amendment , the four-year term of office for both the president and vice president begins at noon on January As a result of the date change, the first term —37 of both men had been shortened by 43 days.

Before executing the powers of the office, a president is required to recite the presidential oath of office , found in Article II, Section 1, Clause 8.

This is the only component in the inauguration ceremony mandated by the Constitution:. I do solemnly swear or affirm that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution of the United States.

Presidents have traditionally placed one hand upon a Bible while taking the oath, and have added "So help me God" to the end of the oath.

When the first president, George Washington, announced in his Farewell Address that he was not running for a third term, he established a "two-terms then out" precedent.

Precedent became tradition after Thomas Jefferson publicly embraced the principle a decade later during his second term, as did his two immediate successors, James Madison and James Monroe.

Grant sought a non-consecutive third term in , [98] as did Theodore Roosevelt in though it would have been only his second full term.

In , after leading the nation through the Great Depression , Franklin Roosevelt was elected to a third term, breaking the self-imposed precedent.

Four years later, with the U. In response to the unprecedented length of Roosevelt's presidency, the Twenty-second Amendment was adopted in The amendment bars anyone from being elected president more than twice, or once if that person served more than two years 24 months of another president's four-year term.

Truman , president when this term limit came into force, was exempted from its limitations, and briefly sought a second full term—to which he would have otherwise been ineligible for election, as he had been president for more than two years of Roosevelt's fourth term—before he withdrew from the election.

Since the amendment's adoption, five presidents have served two full terms: Bush , and Barack Obama. Both Jimmy Carter and George H. Bush sought a second term, but were defeated.

Richard Nixon was elected to a second term, but resigned before completing it. Johnson , having held the presidency for one full term in addition to only 14 months of John F.

Kennedy 's unexpired term, was eligible for a second full term in , but withdrew from Democratic Primary. Additionally, Gerald Ford , who served out the last two years and five months of Nixon's second term, sought a full term, but was defeated by Jimmy Carter in the election.

Article II, Section 4 of the Constitution allows for the removal of high federal officials, including the president, from office for " treason , bribery , or other high crimes and misdemeanors.

Two presidents have been impeached by the House of Representatives: Andrew Johnson in , and Bill Clinton in Both were acquitted by the senate: Johnson by one vote, and Clinton by 17 votes.

Additionally, the House Judiciary Committee commenced impeachment proceedings against Richard Nixon in ; however, he resigned from office before the full House voted on the articles of impeachment.

Succession to or vacancies in the office of president may arise under several possible circumstances: Deaths have occurred a number of times, resignation has occurred only once, and removal from office has never occurred.

Under Section 3 of the Twenty-fifth Amendment , the president may transfer the presidential powers and duties to the vice president, who then becomes acting president , by transmitting a statement to the Speaker of the House and the President pro tempore of the Senate stating the reasons for the transfer.

The president resumes the discharge of the presidential powers and duties upon transmitting, to those two officials, a written declaration stating that resumption.

Such a transfer of power has occurred on three occasions: Ronald Reagan to George H. Bush once, on July 13, , and George W. Bush to Dick Cheney twice, on June 29, , and on July 21,

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4. us präsident

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